The opinions expressed in the report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the report do not imply expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IOM concerning legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries.
This research has been funded by UK Aid from the United Kingdom Government. The views expressed do not necessarily reflect the United Kingdom Government’s official policies. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors only. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the DFID or the IOM – as an implementing agency for one of the DFID-funded programmes through which this research is funded, or any other organization.
IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society. As an intergovernmental organization, IOM acts with its partners in the international community to: assist in the meeting of operational challenges of migration; advance understanding of migration issues; encourage social and economic development through migration; and uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants.