CCA aims to identify the underlying causes of inequality and vulnerability in line with the commitment to leave no one behind, UN Charter values, and international norms and standards. As the primary source of reference for the UN System in the country, the CCA aims to guide engagement with the Government and the people of Tajikistan to implement policies and programmes to promote sustainable development. Under the leadership of the UN Resident Coordinator, the CCA update was prepared by the Programme Management Team (PMT), which comprises senior programme staff of the UN Agencies. The updating of the CCA was an iterative process that fed into and benefited from the wide-ranging consultations organized as part of the UN Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (UNSDCF) formulation process. The stakeholders consulted during the formulation of the UNSDCF included line ministries, non-state organizations, private sector representatives, civil society, academia, and international development partners. CCA draws from various sources, including national surveys, administrative data, thematic analysis, and global and regional reports. Getting frequent and disaggregated data in Tajikistan is a challenge. This affects the scope of research and a thorough review of deprivation and inequality, especially for groups at risk of being left behind.